Haiti Fast Facts
Haiti is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea, located between North and South America. It is the second largest in the French West Indies and has the highest percentage of the population who are Haitians, at 69%.
Haiti is often referred to as “the Little Paris of the Caribbean”. It sits on the Caribbean coast of the Gulf of St-Barthélemy and has lush, tropical forests, the Atlantic Ocean and the warm Caribbean Gulf waters.
Haiti is a country of contrasts.
This country covers an area of 4,845 km squared, making it the 40th largest country by area in the world. Haiti is bordered by Brazil, the Dominican Republic, France, and the nations of the US and Canada. The capital of Haiti, Port-au-Prince, is located on the Caribbean coastline and is one of the most beautiful and picturesque capitals of the Caribbean. Haiti is a land of incredible natural wonder, such as forests, beaches, volcanoes, and reefs. It is home to over 30 different indigenous ethnic groups. It has the most protected natural areas of any country in the world. The country also contains over 7,000 volcanoes, more than 400 caves, and over 1,300 rivers. Haiti’s population has grown from 5 to 16 million from the time of its independence to 2009.
Haiti’s constitution is a mix of French, Haitian, and Haitian Creole. The country is a republic and has a written constitution. It has no military, no standing army, no police, and no prisons. The only army is made up of Haitian paramilitary troops. There is no single ministry of defense as of 2009.
Historically, Haiti was settled on the island of Hispaniola and named after the Caribbean Sea. It is the third largest island in the Caribbean.
Culture and History
Haiti is a colorful and diverse nation in its culture and history