1 - Organization

i. Begin with an opening sentence summarizing what the table or graph shows.
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ii. Specify the major trends or features.
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iii. Compare the most and least significant features.
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iv. State a final point.
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v. Conclude your description.
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2 - Content

i. Write what the table or graph shows by paraphrasing the label or caption. You could start by stating: 'The table indicates …', 'The pie chart is about ...', 'The figure illustrates …', 'The bar chart describes ...', 'The line graph shows ...', 'The chart compares the ...', 'The pie chart is divided into ... parts'
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ii. Mention the features presented. Example: 'The categories presented include …'
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iii. Avoid describing all the information presented by the table or graph. Write a few sentences about the overall result. Examples: 'There is an upward trend …', 'The figure shows a decline …', 'The number fluctuates …'
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iv. Summarize the most/least significant results. Describe two to three of the most significant outcomes. Example: '... has the largest/second largest (number of) ...', '... is as high as/twice as high as ...', '... is higher than ...',The number ... rises/increases/ascends/grows by ...', 'It reaches a peak in …', 'only one third ...', 'The figure ... plummets/decreases/falls/goes down ...'
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v. Compare some of the different trends/groups.
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vi. You may want to describe some results by combining or categorizing them.
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vii. If your investigation is of a longitudinal kind, you may describe fluctuations over time.
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viii. You can also describe the relationship between two or more variables. Example: '… is associated with …', 'The variables are correlated.', 'The relationship between … and … is (low/ moderate/ high).'
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